Women and Their Accomplishments
- Filed under "equality"
- Published Sunday, May 3, 2020
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Earlier this month a new miniseries entitled “Mrs. America” debuted, recounting the story of Phyllis Schlafly, a conservative activist who led a fight against passage of the Equal Rights Amendment during the 1970s. This challenging culture war pitted a “silent majority” against women leading the women’s rights movement and gave rise to what we now recognize as the Moral Majority.
Leading the movement against “feminism,” Schlafly was not alone in her rebuke of who were then described as “bra-burning activists,” and the 9-part drama depicts how Schlafly and her followers battled well-known women’s movement leaders including Gloria Steinem, Bella Abzug, and Betty Freidan. This battle shifted the political landscape forever.
But the work of feminist leaders has made a tremendous difference in countless lives – earning women the right to vote, forcing colleges to accept female students, advancing civil rights, and more. In fact, feminism has enhanced the lives of American women and American men – proving that women’s rights are human rights.
Several years ago, MIC (an online media and publishing group of Bustle Digital Group) published an article during Women’s History Month that detailed “23 Ways Feminists Have Made the World Better for Women,” complete with historic achievements and photos. It’s a fascinating read - here are just a few of the “23 ways” -
Women fronted and propelled the civil rights movement – by copying and distributing flyers, leading boycotts, protesting segregation and fighting sexual assault.
Women brought recognition to gender discrimination - The Equal Rights Amendment, first written by Alice Paul in 1923, read, "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex." (Proposed as a constitutional amendment guaranteeing women equal rights, it failed in the late 1970s.)
Women joined the workforce (if they wanted to do so) – in fact, it was conservative activist Phyllis Schlafly who argued that women didn’t need equal pay, saying “…women typically choose a mate (husband or boyfriend) who earns more than she does. Men don't have the same preference for a higher-earning mate. ... Suppose the pay gap between men and women were magically eliminated. If that happened, simple arithmetic suggests that half of women would be unable to find what they regard as a suitable mate."
Women brought awareness to rape culture, campus sexual assault, and sexual harassment - feminism helped to remove some of the stigma surrounding sexual assault, giving survivors the language to label their sexual trauma…think Anita Hill.
Women helped assure passage of Title IX, opening up a multitude of possibilities for women.
Women fought legal discrimination in the courts - before she was a Supreme Court justice, Ruth Bader Ginsburg was a feminist in her own right, arguing gender discrimination cases before the Supreme Court as a young lawyer with the ACLU, stating “Women's rights are an essential part of the overall human rights agenda, trained on the equal dignity and ability to live in freedom all people should enjoy."
Women broke barriers to political leadership – including Shirley Chisholm, a fiery congresswoman from New York, was the first black woman to run for president n 1972. When she announced her historic candidacy, saying “I am not the candidate of black America, although I am black and proud," she said. "I am not the candidate of the women's movement of this country, although I am a woman and I am equally proud of that. I am the candidate of the people, and my presence before you now symbolizes a new era in American political history."
Women joined the struggle for marriage equality – marriage equality is not always viewed as a feminist issue. But for years feminists have worked tirelessly to help roll back discriminatory laws and strike down marriage bans in state after state.
Women forced Americans to realize the importance of birth control (ensuring coverage was allowed in the Affordable Care Act), the right to terminate a pregnancy (Roe v. Wade), domestic worker rights (remember Dolores Huerta?), and equality in the workplace; feminist labor leaders ensured women workers enjoyed the same rights as men.
Women worked to win the right to vote, as well as the right for female political candidates. The suffrage movement of the early 20th century culminated in 1920 with the passage of the 20th Amendment, which reads: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
It’s certainly true that the movement and work of feminists changed our lives in myriad ways, and that there is agreement that human rights are women’s rights, and women’s rights are human rights.